Eid prayers, also known as Salat al-Eid (Arabic: ) and Salat al-Eidain (Arabic: ), is the special prayer offered to commemorate two Islamic festivals. Both the Eids are collectively known as Eidain () in the Arabic language. The two Islamic festivals are:
Eid al-Fitr (Arabic: ), which is celebrated on the 1st day of Shawwal, the 10th month of the Islamic calendar (the first day after Ramadan).
Eid al-Adha (Arabic: ), which is celebrated on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the 12th month of the Islamic calendar.
Region/country Language Main
Arab World Arabic (alh al-'Eid)
Pakistan, North India Urdu (Eid namaaz)
Turkey, Azerbaijan Turkish, Azeri Bayram namaz
Balkans Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian Bajram-namaz
Bangladesh, East India, North-east India Bengali (Eider namaz)
Sweden Swedish Eidbn
Indonesia Bahasa Indonesia, Basa Jawa Salat Id
Malaysia Bahasa Melayu Solat Sunat Hari Raya
Iraqi Kurdistan Kurdish Sorani
Different scholars interpret the importance of this salat (prayer) differently. Salat al-Eid is Wajib (necessary/mandatory) according to Hanafi scholars, Sunnah al-Mu'kkadah according to Maliki and Shaf'i jurisprudence, and Fard according to Hanbali scholars. Some scholars say it is fard al-ayn and some say it is fard al-kifaya.
The time of Salat al-Eid begins when the sun reaches approximately two meters above the horizon until it reaches its meridian before Zuhr.[clarification needed] Adhering to the Sunnah, the time for Eid al-Fitr prayer is delayed and Eid al-Adha prayer is hastened, so as to facilitate distribution of Fitrah before the Eid al-Fitr prayer and offer sacrifice after the Eid al-Adha prayer. This has been a proved Sunnah and has been well recorded in Hadith books.