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3D ECG Leads for iOS


Developer's Description

Why 3D ECG Leads ?


Misplacement of the ECG Leads may lead to wrong diagnoses and further unnecessary investigations or treatments (Jowett et al., 2005; Toosi and Sochanski, 2008; Harrigan, Chan and Brady, 2012; Ilg and Lehmann, 2012; Lynch, 2014). In their study (Medani et al., 2018) showed that in only 34% of cases, the ECG Chest Leads were placed correctly.

All medical personnel who are operating a 12 Lead ECG machine should have the appropriate training for ECG lead placement (Kligfield et al., 2007; Crawford and Doherty, 2010). The purpose of 3D ECG Leads is not aimed at replacing high-quality training but instead, to act as an aid and to show you in a simple 3D interactive way the Standard Lead Placement Technique.


In a standard 12 Lead ECG Tracing, not all of the ECG Leads are organized in anatomical order. One recent study (Lindow et al., 2019) highlights the fact that displaying all the 12 ECG Leads in an anatomical sequence has a positive impact in diagnosing Acute Myocardial Infarction. 3D ECG Leads serves as a 3D interactive tool for the anatomical visualization of the ECG Leads.


With 3D ECG Leads you can visualize how the ECG Machine reads the heart's electrical activity, and how 3 Electrodes are generating 6 Leads.


Crawford, J. and Doherty, L. (2010) Ten steps to recording a standard 12-lead ECG, Practice Nursing, 21(12). doi: 10.12968/pnur.2010.21.12.622.

Harrigan, R. A., Chan, T. C. and Brady, W. J. (2012) Electrocardiographic electrode misplacement, misconnection, and artifact, Journal of Emergency Medicine. Elsevier Ltd, 43(6). doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2012.02.024.

Ilg, K. J. and Lehmann, M. H. (2012) Importance of recognizing pseudo-septal infarction due to electrocardiographic lead misplacement, American Journal of Medicine. Elsevier Inc., 125(1). doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2011.04.023.

Jowett, N. I. et al. (2005) Modified electrode placement must be recorded when performing 12-lead electrocardiograms, Postgraduate Medical Journal, 81(952). doi: 10.1136/pgmj.2004.021204.

Kligfield, P. et al. (2007) Recommendations for the Standardization and Interpretation of the Electrocardiogram: Part I: The Electrocardiogram and Its Technology A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Electrocardiography and Arrhythmias Committee, Council on Clin, Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Elsevier, 49(10). doi: 10.1016/J.JACC.2007.01.024.

Lindow, T. et al. (2019) Why complicate an important task? An orderly display of the limb leads in the 12-lead electrocardiogram and its implications for recognition of acute coronary syndrome, BMC Cardiovascular Disorders. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 19(1). doi: 10.1186/s12872-018-0979-x.

Lynch, R. (2014) ECG lead misplacement: A brief review of limb lead misplacement, African Journal of Emergency Medicine. African Federation for Emergency Medicine, 4(3). doi: 10.1016/j.afjem.2014.05.006.

Medani, S. A. et al. (2018) Accuracy in precordial ECG lead placement: Improving performance through a peer-led educational intervention, Journal of Electrocardiology. Elsevier Inc., 51(1). doi: 10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2017.04.018.

Toosi, M. S. and Sochanski, M. T. (2008) False ST elevation in a modified 12-lead surface electrocardiogram, Journal of Electrocardiology, 41(3). doi: 10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2007.11.004.

Full Specifications

What's new in version 1.1


Release October 21, 2019
Date Added October 21, 2019
Version 1.1

Operating Systems

Operating Systems iOS
Additional Requirements Requires iOS 11.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.


Total Downloads 1
Downloads Last Week 0
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