Lung (pulmonary) inflammation affects the airways and lung tissue. Caused by the bodys immune response to injury or pathogens, inflammation can be acute (short-lasting) or chronic (long-lasting) in nature.
Diseases associated with acute lung inflammation include acute lung infections, pneumonia, and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Diseases associated with chronic lung inflammation include emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), pulmonary fibrosis, and lung cancer. Anyone can develop lung inflammation, but there are certain risk factors that increase ones chances of developing this condition.
These same risk factors can also make lung inflammation worse once a person has the condition.