The Provisional Charter of Korea
The preamble of the Constitution of South Korea states that the document was established in the spirit of "upholding the cause of the Provisional Republic of Korea Government", the Korean government exiled after the imposition of Japanese colonial rule of Korea. As such, the founding document of the provisional governmentThe Provisional Charter of Koreaserves as the basis for the current constitution. Promulgated in 1919, the charter first gave the Republic of Korea it name and laid out the ideas forming the backbone of later South Korean constitutions.
These ten articles are:
The Republic of Korea is a democratic republic country.
The Republic of Korea should be governed by the provisional people of the provisional government.
All citizens of the Republic of Korea are equal without gender, wealth and stratum.
All citizens of the Republic of Korea have the rights to be free of religion, media, writing, publishing, association, assembly, the charge of address, body and ownership.
The citizens who have the qualification of the citizen of the Republic of Korea have a right to vote and to be elected.
The citizens of the Republic of Korea have a duty to education, taxation, and military service.
The Republic of Korea will join the League of Nations in order to exert its founding spirit in the world and to contribute to human culture and peace by the will of the citizens.
The Republic of Korea gives preference to the old imperial family.
The Republic of Korea forbids the punishment of life, body, and licensed prostitution.
The Provisional Government convenes the National Assembly within one year after the restoration of the country.
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