Shiva Day Special | Special dates and information about the time of Shivaji Maharaj
Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosale (19 February 1630 to 3 April 1680) He was the founder of the Maratha Empire which lasted till 1818 and in its heyday occupied a large part of the Indian subcontinent. People call him Shivrai, Shivaji Maharaj or Raje. This son of the Bhosle clan established the Maratha Swarajya by waging a historic struggle against the Adilshahi of Bijapur and the Mughal Empire. Shivaji established an independent Maratha state with Raigad as its capital. He was crowned as Chhatrapati in 1674.
In Maharashtra, Chhatrapati Shivaji is known by many names like Shivaji Raja, Shivaji Raje, Shivba, Shivbaraje, Shiva, Shivrai, Shiva. Shivaji's birthday is celebrated as 'Shiva Jayanti'. Shivaji and his son Sambhaji are jointly referred to as Shiv Shambhu. Shivaji's reign is also called Shivakal.
On the strength of a disciplined army and a well-organized administration, Shivaji established a powerful and progressive state. He successfully used the technique of guerrilla poetry, using geography, surprisingly fast movements, and precise attacks that demoralize formidable enemies. Shivaji Maharaj raised an army of one lakh soldiers from a small detachment of 2,000 soldiers received from his father. In addition to repairing forts on the coast and inland, he also built many forts. He encouraged the use of Marathi language in governance.
Sawangadi of Shivaji Maharaj in Mavla and other famous Mavlas
Jiva Mahala: A postage stamp with a picture of Jiva Mahala has also been issued.
Commander-in-Chief of Shivaji Maharaj
East India Company - Factory Records
Dutch East India Company - Factory Records
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj (Author - D.V. Kale)
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj: Character and Teachings (Shivprasad Mantri)
Zhunj Niyati (Translated by Indrayani Chavan, Original English - Challenging Destiny: Chhatrapati Shivaji - A Biography, Author - Medha Deshmukh-Bhaskaran)
Dog Register - Dutch correspondence
Genealogy of Shri Bhosale Kula (Inderjit Sawant), (2017)
Maratha-Swarajya founder Srishivaji Maharaj (1932); Author - Chintaman Vinayak Vaidya
Raja Shivchhatrapati (Author - B. M. Purandare, 1965)
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's publication in 1970 by Yashwantrao Chavan (first half and second half, page number 1200) Author: Vasudev Sitaram Bendre.
Stories of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj (Children's Literature, Shrikant Govande)
Shri Raja Shivchhatrapati-Volume 1 & 2, (Gajanan Bhaskar Mehendale)
Shakkarte Shivrai, Volumes 1 and 2 (1982) Author - Vijay Deshmukh: (Hindi translation also available)
Shiva-era cavalry and tactics (Dr. Ram Phatak)
Shiva Period Collection Volumes 1 and 2: Bharat Itihas Sanshodhak Mandal
Rights of Shiva Women (Neelima Bhave)
Character of Shiva Chhatrapati (Raghunath Vinayak Herwadkar)
Discovery and Enlightenment of Shivchhatrapati's Samadhi (3rd Edition) (Indrajith Sawant?)
Shivaji - The Great Guerrilla (R..D. Palsokar)
Shivaji - ((Sir Yadunath Sarkar)
Shivaji and Ramdas (Sunil Chincholkar)
Shivaji and Shivakal (Sir Yadunath Sarkar; Original English; Marathi Translation VS Wakaskar, 1930)
Shivaji the Grand Rebel (English, Dennis Kincaid, 1930), new edition - The Grand Rebel: An Impression of Shivaji (2015)