This test is an introspective self-report questionnaire with the purpose of indicating differing psychological preferences in how people perceive the world around them and make decisions.
This kind of test was constructed by Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers.
It is based on the conceptual theory proposed by Carl Jung, who had speculated that humans experience the world using four principal psychological functions (sensation, intuition, feeling, thinking) and that one of these four functions is dominant for a person most of the time.
The theory of personality types contends that: An individual is either primarily Extraverted(E) or Introverted(I), either primarily Sensing(S) or Intuitive(N), either primarily Thinking(T) or Feeling(F), either primarily Judging(J) or Perceiving(P).
The possible combinations of the basic preferences form 16 different Personality Types.
Learning about our personality type helps us to understand why certain areas in life come easily to us, and others are more of a struggle.
Learning about other peoples personality types help us to understand the most effective way to communicate with them, and how they function best.
The knowledge of our and other peoples personality types help us in different areas:
Career - What types of tasks are we most suited to perform? Where are we naturally most happy?
Managing Employees - How can we best understand an employees natural capabilities, and where they will find the most satisfaction?
Interpersonal Relationships - How can we improve our awareness of other individuals personality type, and therefore increase our understanding of their reactions to situations, and know how to communicate with them effectively, on a level they best understand?
Education - How can we develop different teaching methods to educate different types of people effectively?
Counseling - How we can help individuals understand themselves better, and become better able to deal with their strengths and weaknesses?