In traditional grammar, a part of speech is a category of words have similar grammatical properties. Words that are assigned to the same part of speech generally display similar behavior in terms of syntaxthey play similar roles within the grammatical structure of sentencesand sometimes in terms of morphology, in that they undergo inflection for similar properties. Commonly listed English parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, conjunction, interjection, and sometimes numeral, article or determiner.
A part of speechparticularly in more modern classifications, which often make more precise distinctions than the traditional scheme doesmay also be called a word class, lexical class, or lexical category, although the term lexical category refers in some contexts to a particular type of syntactic category, and may thus exclude parts of speech that are considered to be functional, such as pronouns. The term form class is also used, although this has various conflicting definitions. Word classes may be classified as open or closed: open classes (like nouns, verbs and adjectives) acquire new members constantly, while closed classes (such as pronouns and conjunctions) acquire new members infrequently, if at all.