Tuberculosis can affect anyone and anywhere. It is estimated that approximately 1/3 of the world's population has been infected by mycobacterium tuberculosis. Currently, tuberculosis as the third largest cause of death after cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease. Tuberculosis is a disease of the biggest causes of death in the group of infectious diseases. Until now, tuberculosis remains a global health problem and foremost.
How Tuberculosis Infection?
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease cause by mycobacterium tuberculosis germ. Tuberculosis (TB) is transmitted through the air (through the spark sputum tuberculosis patients). When people with TB getting cough, sneeze, talk or spit, they sprinkled the tuberculosis bacteria into the air. A person can be exposed by inhaling the bacteria only a small number of tuberculosis germs. In children the source of infection is generally derived from adult patients with TB. Patients with tuberculosis with status of positive acid-fast bacilli can infect at least 10 to 15 people every year.
These bacteria when frequently enter and accumulate in the lungs will develop well into a lot and can be spread through blood vessels or lymph nodes. Therefore, infection of TB can infect virtually all body organs like the lungs, brain, kidney, gastrointestinal tract, bone, lymph nodes, and others. Organs are often infected with tuberculosis bacteria is the lungs.
Someone who is infected with TB germs do not necessarily become ill TB. Tuberculosis germs can become inactive (dormant) for many years to form a cell wall in the form of a thick layer of wax. When a person's immune system declines, likely contracted the illness tuberculosis becomes greater.
Does tuberculosis clinical symptoms?
The main symptoms of patients with tuberculosis are coughing up phlegm for 2 to 3 weeks or more. Cough followed by additional symptoms of phlegm mixed with blood, coughing up blood, shortness of breath, body weakness, decreased appetite, weight loss, malaise, night sweats without physical activity, fever more than 1 month. These symptoms can also be found in lung diseases other than tuberculosis, such as bronchitis, asthma, lung cancer and others.
What is Tuberculosis Test?
In children tuberculin test is most useful examination to show whether the child is infected with mycobacterium tuberculosis. But it is often done Monteux test. Monteux test injection site is generally on the upper half left forearm. That is injected into the skin and in wait for 48 ~ 72 hours ago in measuring the diameter of the swelling that occurs.
Treatment of tuberculosis
Treatment of tuberculosis is very old that is 6 till 9 months even more than 9 months. Patients with tuberculosis can be cured by taking drugs completely and regularly and to improve the immune system with good nutrition and regular exercise.
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