"Lupang Hinirang" (Tagalog pronunciation: [lupa hinia]; lit."Chosen Land"; originally Marcha Nacional Filipina, the "Philippine National March") is the national anthem of the Philippines. Its music was composed in 1898 by Julin Felipe, and the lyrics were adapted from the Spanish poem Filipinas, written by Jos Palma in 1899. Originally written it did not have lyrics when it was adopted as the anthem of the revolutionary First Philippine Republic and subsequently played during the proclamation of Philippine independence on 12 June 1898.
Under American rule, the Flag Act of 1907 prohibited the public display of flags, banners, emblems, or devices used by revolutionaries in the PhilippineAmerican War. Under this law, the colonial government banned the song from being played. The Flag Law was repealed in 1919. Under the Commonwealth, Commonwealth Act 382, approved on September 5, 1938, officially adopted the musical arrangement and composition by Julin Felipe as the national anthem.
The Spanish lyrics were translated into Tagalog beginning in the 1940s, with the current Filipino version from 1956 undergoing a slight revision in the 1960s. Over the years, several English versions came into use. On 12 February 1998, Republic Act 8491 codified the current Filipino lyrics into law.
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