Jazz is a kind of musical art that has developed under the influence of African rhythms, European harmony, involving elements of African American folklore.
Jazz as a phenomenon arose in the 1910s in the south of the USA and quickly spread to all developed countries. At home, the original style was enriched, in particular, by various regional musical features. Popular music and jazz in the 1920s became almost equivalent concepts for many people, while American critics, in the first place, contrasted it with the US commercial music industry.
In the XX century, the direction was constantly transformed, having passed through several characteristic stages of development. During the 1930s and 1940s, the term was destabilized by the swing boom and the bi-bop movement. Modern significance appeared in the 1950s, when jazz was combined into a musical genre, with a description that combined different styles of all time periods. Most varieties of the genre are characterized by swing, vocal expression, improvisation, reliance on riffs, the use of frets with blues notes.
Gradually, jazz approached the sphere of high art, preserving its contradictory identity with both popular and academic music. Jazz remains prestigious and supported by academia, founding funds, and a worldwide network of festivals. The legacy of jazz is widely known and continues to influence world music culture.
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