Euchre "jukr"or eucre is a trick-taking card game most commonly played with four people in two partnerships with a deck of 24, 28, or sometimes 32, standard playing cards. It is the game responsible for introducing the joker into modern packs, It is believed to be closely related to the French game cartthat was popularized in the United States by the Cornish and Pennsylvania Dutch, and to the seventeenth-century game of bad repute Loo. It may be sometimes referred to as Knock Euchre to distinguish it from Bid Euchre.
Conventional euchre is a four-player trump game, wherein the players are paired to form two partnerships. Partners face each other from across the table so that the play of the cards in conventional clockwise order alternates between the two partnerships.
Conventional euchre uses a deck of 24 standard playing cards consisting of A, K, Q, J, 10, and 9 of each of the four suits. A 52-card deck can be used, omitting the cards from 2 to 8, or a Pinochle deck may be divided in half to form two euchre decks. Sometimes, a 32-card piquet or skat deck is used, which includes the 8s and 7s..
The remaining four cards are called the kitty and are placed face down in front of the dealer toward the centre on the table. The top card of the kitty is then turned face up, and bidding begins. (In the 25-card version of the game, if the "Benny" (a wildcard that trumps all other cards, typically a Joker) is turned up, the dealer calls a suit before anyone looks at their cards and picks it up. However some variations allow a normal bidding process to take place). The dealer asks each of the other players in turn if they would like the suit of the top card to be trump, which they indicate by saying "pick it up" or "pass" (knocking on the table is often substituted for vocalizing a pass). If the choice comes around to the dealer, the dealer can either pick the card up or flip it over. If the dealer acquires the top card (either by being ordered to pick it up or choosing to pick it up), the top card becomes part of the dealer's hand, who then discards a card to the kitty face down to return their hand to five cards. If no one orders up the top card and the dealer also chooses not to pick it up, each player is then given the opportunity, in turn, to call a different suit as trump. If no trump is selected, it is a misdeal, and the deal is passed clockwise (unless it was agreed upon to play stick the dealer, an option that involves forcing the dealer to choose a trump).
When a suit is named trump, the Jack in the suit of the same colour as this trump suit becomes a powerful member of this trump suit. Then any card of that (expanded) suit outranks any card of a non-trump suit. The highest-ranking card in euchre is the Jack of the trump suit (called "The Right Bower" or "Right") then the other Jack of the same colour, (called "The Left Bower" or "Left"). The cards are ranked, in descending order, J (of trump suit), J (same colour as trump suit), A, K, Q, 10, and 9 of the trump suit.
The remaining cards rank in the usual order (the off-colour Jacks are not special) and the cards of those suits rank from high to low as A, K, Q, J, 10, and 9.
Jack of spades (right Bower)Jack of clubs (left Bower)Ace of spadesKing of spadesQueen of spades10 of spades9 of spades
This description has been copied from Wikipedia URL:https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euchre
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