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CT HEAD INTERPRETATION GUIDE for Android

Developer's Description

brain ct scan

ct brain

ct brain anatomy

ct brain interpretation

ct scan brain anatomy

ct scan of brain

How do you read a CT brain?

What does a CT scan of the brain show?

What are they looking for with a CT scan?

Why is CT blood white?

The CT head scan is one of the most common imaging studies that you can be faced with and the most frequently requested by A&E. This app will cover some of the underlying principles of CT head studies, and discuss a method for their interpretation.

Interpretation of the CT scan of the Brain

Underlying principles and terminology

Computed tomography (CT) scanning involves the use of x-rays to take cross-sectional images of the body. This is possible as different tissues interact with X-rays in different ways. Some tissues will allow the passage of these X-rays without influencing it much, whilst other tissues will exert a more significant effect. The extent to which a material can be penetrated by an x-ray beam is described in terms of an attenuation coefficient which assesses how much a beam is weakened by passing through a voxel of tissue (voxel = volumetric pixel).

These values are frequently expressed as Hounsfield Units (HU). Distilled water at standard temperature and pressure has 0 HU, whereas air under the same conditions has -1000 HU. Approximate values for various tissues are outlined in table 1 (these are not set in stone only rough estimates).

Confirm details

As with the interpretation of all studies, the first step is to confirm you have the correct patient and scan.

Check the following:

Patient name, hospital number and date of birth

Date and time the scan was acquired

Always look at previous scans so that you have something to compare to

The appearance of tissues on a CT scan is described in terms of density. Darker structures are hypodense or low density; brighter structures are hyperdense or high density.

Blood Can Be Very Bad is a mnemonic that can be used when faced with a CT head scan. Think of this approach as a framework for a quick review of a scan it wont turn you into an experienced radiologist! Its important to recognise that more subtle signs might still be overlooked. Furthermore, you should work through the entire system even if you spot something obvious early on (e.g. if you see a large extradural haematoma, still check the cisterns, brain, ventricles and bone for any other abnormalities).

Blood

Check for evidence of:

Extradural haematoma (Extra-axial)

Subdural haematoma (Extra-axial)

Subarachnoid haemorrhage may be very subtle. Remember a SAH can extend into the ventricular system so ALWAYS look at the posterior horns as blood may collect in the dependant portion.

Intraventricular haemorrhage

Intraparenchymal haemorrhage (Intra-axial)

Bear in mind that blood will have varying appearances depending on the age of the collection, with a more acute haematoma appearing hyperdense compared to a chronic bleed. Some bleeds may also be very subtle and difficult to spot unless you look closely and this is one of the reasons why windowing is so important.

Full Specifications

What's new in version 1.0

General

Release January 2, 2020
Date Added January 2, 2020
Version 1.0

Operating Systems

Operating Systems Android
Additional Requirements Requires Android 4.1 and up

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