Andhra Pradesh , formerly known as Andhra State,is a state in the south-eastern coastal region of India. It is the seventh largest state by area covering an area of 162,975 km2 (62,925 sq mi) and tenth-most populous state, with 49,386,799 inhabitants.It has the second-longest coastline after Gujarat of about 974 km (605 mi). It is bordered by Odisha to the north, Chhattisgarh to the north-east, Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka and Telangana to the west and north-west, and the Bay of Bengal to the east. It is the first state to be formed with linguistic basis in India, established in 1953. The state is known for its mining industry, as the site of the Koh-i-noor and because of its large natural diamond supplies, in its Kollur Mine. It is also known as the "Rice Bowl of India" for being a major producer of rice in India. Its official language is Telugu; as one of the country's classical languages, it is the third most spoken language in India and 11th most spoken language in the world.
Early inhabitants were known as the Andhras, tracing their history to vedic ages when they were mentioned in the 14th century Sanskrit epics such as Aitareya Brahmana. According to Aitareya Brahmana of the Rigveda, the Andhras left North India from the banks of river Yamuna and migrated to South India.The Assaka Mahajanapada (700300 BCE) was an ancient kingdom located between the Godavari and Krishna Rivers in southeastern India accounts that people in the region are descended from the Viswamitra are found in the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and the Puranas. The region also derives its name from Satavahanas who are also known as Andhras, the earliest kings of Andhra Pradesh and India.Early peoples supported local art culture by building temples and sculptures of the Buddhist monuments in the state It was majorily ruled by Satavahanas, Eastern Chalukyas, Andhra Ikshvakus, Vijayanagara Empire, Mauryan Empire, Cholas, Pallavas, Salankayanas, Vishnukundinas, Kakatiyas and Rashtrakutas. In 3rd century B.C., Andhra was a vassal kingdom of Ashoka eventually breaking up into two major regions of Rayalaseema, in the inland southwestern part of the state, and Coastal Andhra to the east and northeast, bordering the Bay of Bengal.