The vast majority of vehicles are powered by what's known as an internal combustion engine.
It's a concept that's been around for a long time but a Belgian engineer, called Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir, is credited with inventing and patenting the first viable internal combustion engine in 1860.
The internal combustion engine isn't as complicated as it might sound. As the name suggests, it burns a mixture of fuel and oxygen in an enclosed space called a combustion chamber.
As this mixture burns it becomes hot and expands rapidly, creating pressure. This pressure is applied to … Read more